Largely segregated communities and separate education systems mean that there are few opportunities for young Arabs and Jews to become familiarised with each other.
However, lawyers for the defendants complained that they were unable to see their clients for several days following the arrest.
Although intermarriage between Ashkenazim and Sephardim/Mizrahim is increasingly common in Israel, and social integration is constantly improving, disparities continue to persist.
Ethiopian Jews in particular have faced discrimination from non-Black Jews.
The Israeli government and many groups within Israel have undertaken efforts to combat racism.
Israel is a state-party to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, and is a signatory of the Convention against Discrimination in Education.